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Students’ educational and developmental outcomes at age 16: Effective Pre-school, Primary and Secondary Education (EPPSE 3-16) Project Research Report

September 2014

The latest report on the Effective Pre-school, Primary and Secondary Education (EPPSE 3-16) Project has been published with some very interesting results.

This is a major longitudinal study which started in 1997 to find out how individual, family, home learning environment (HLE), pre-school, school and neighbourhood factors influence the developmental and educational outcomes of young people.

The most relevant outcomes are:

  • The positive effects of pre-school experiences last up to and continue beyond the end of compulsory education. For example attending a pre-school was a significant predictor of higher total GCSE scores and higher grades in GCSE English and maths
  • Going to a more academically effective secondary school had a bigger impact on children’s academic outcomes than their family characteristics and neighbourhood
  • Parents’ own educational success is the strongest influence on academic success. So, for example, students whose parents had degrees earned 141 total GCSE points more than students whose parents had no qualifications at all.
  • The effects of parental support for development are strong. The early years home learning environment (HLE) predicts academic outcomes right up to age 16 and early learning activities in the home have a significant effect on how well children do at 16.

The report tells us that there are a number of key issues around quality of early years and home learning experience, quality of school experience, and the role of parents and families in supporting their children at key stage 3 and beyond. Read the full report here.